Cardiovascular Disease
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CARDIOVASCULAR
DISEASE REMAINS THE
#1 CAUSE OF MORTALITY
AND A MAJOR CAUSE
OF MORBIDITY IN EUROPE1

Cardiovascular disease in the European Union

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality and a major cause of morbidity in the European Union (EU). The main forms of CVD are coronary heart disease (CHD)* and stroke.1

Burden of disease

CVD – the #1 cause
of mortality1
1 new case of CHD
or stroke every 9 seconds1
Nearly 49 million people
living with CVD1

Cost to the EU economy

Total estimated CVD costs
€210 billion/year1
CHD and stroke: an estimated
cost of >€100 billion/year1

*CHD data are based on surveillance data, survey data, outpatient and inpatient visits for angina and first acute myocardial infarction.
Total costs comprise direct healthcare costs, productivity losses plus informal patient care.
In the study, 2690 recent MI patients received Repatha®, 2254 of whom achieved LDL-C levels <55 mg/dl.
§25% RRR reported as the key secondary endpoint: composite of cardiovascular death, MI or stroke. HR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.62-0.91; p=0.003. ARR: 3.2%; 95% CI: 1.2-5.2.
ACS = Acute coronary syndrome; ARR = Absolute risk reduction; CHD = Coronary heart disease; CV = Cardiovascular; CVD = Cardiovascular disease; EAS = European Atherosclerosis Society; ESC = European Society of Cardiology; EVOPACS = EVOlocumab for Early Reduction of LDL-cholesterol Levels in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes; EU = European Union; LDL-C = Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; MI = Myocardial infarction; PCSK9 = Protein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9; RRR = Relative risk reduction.
  1. European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2017. Fifth Edition: February 2017. European Heart Network, Brussels.
  2. Gencer B, et al. JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(8):1-6. Main paper & Supplementary appendix.

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